Lecce lɛttʃe]; Sicilian: Lecci, Griko: Luppìu, Latin: Lupiae, Ancient Greek: Ἀλήσιον), today one of the most beautiful cities in the world, is a historic city of more than9 94 thousand inhabitants the capital of the province of Lecce, the third province in the region by population, as well as one of the most important cities of Apulia. It is the main city of the Salentine Peninsula, a sub-peninsula at the heel of the Italian Peninsula and is over 2,000 years old. Because of the rich Baroque architectural monuments found in the city, Lecce is commonly nicknamed "The Florence of the South". The city also has a long traditional affinity with Greek culture going back to its foundation; the Messapii who founded the city are said to have been Cretans in Greek records. To day, in the Grecìa Salentina, a group of towns not far from Lecce, the griko language is still spoken.
In terms of industry the "Lecce stone" is the city's main export, because it is very soft and workable, thus suitable for sculptures. Lecce stone is a kind of limestone. Lecce is also an important agricultural centre, chiefly for its olive oil and wine production, as well as an industrial centre specializing in ceramic production.
According to legend, a city called Sybar existed at the time of the Trojan War, founded by the Messapii. It was conquered by the Romans in the 3rd century BC, receiving the new name of Lupiae. Under the emperor Adriano (2nd century AD) the city was moved 3 kilometres (2 miles) to the northeast, taking the name of Licea or Litium. Lecce had a theater and an amphitheater and was connected to the Adrian Port (the current San Cataldo). Orontius of Lecce, locally called Sant'Oronzo, is considered to have served as the city's first Christian bishop and is Lecce's saint patron.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Lecce was sacked by the Ostrogoth king Totila in the Gothic Wars. It was restored to Roman rule in 549, and remained part of the Eastern Empire for five centuries, with brief conquests by Saracens, Lombards, Hungarians and Slavs. After the Norman conquest in the 11th century, Lecce regained commercial importance, flourishing in the subsequent Hohenstaufen and Angevine rule. The County of Lecce was one of the largest and most importants fiefs in the Kingdom of Sicily from 1053 to 1463, when it was annexed directly to the crown. From the 15th century, Lecce was one of the most important cities of southern Italy, and, starting in 1630, it was enriched with precious Baroque monuments. To avert invasion by the Ottomans, a new line of walls and a castle were built by Charles V, (who was also Holy Roman Emperor), in the first part of the 16th century. In 1656 a plague broke out in the city, killing a thousand inhabitants. In 1943, fighter aircraft based in Lecce helped support isolated Italian garrisons in the Aegean Sea, fighting Germans during World War 2. Because they were delayed by the Allies, they couldn't prevent a defeat. In 1944 and 1945, B-24 long-range bombers of the 98th Heavy Bomb Group attached to the 15th U.S. Army Air Force were based in Lecce, from where the crews flew missions over Italy, the Balkans, Austria, Germany and France.
To be visited:
The (church) Chiesa dei Santi Niccolò e Cataldo; the (square) Piazza di Sant'Oronzo with the Roman Amphitheatre, the (palace) Palazzo Sedile, the (former church) Chiesa di San Marco, the Column of St. Oronzo, the (church) Chiesa di Santa Maria delle Grazie; the (church) Chiesa dei Gesuiti; the archaeological excavations of the Roman Theatre; the (church) Basilica di Santa Croce; the (Government Palace) Palazzo del Governo, a former Celestine convent; the (palace) Palazzo Adorno; the (Greek church) Chiesa Greca; the (church) Chiesa di Santa Irene, built by the Theatines; the (square) Piazza Duomo with its Palazzo del Seminario, with the (well) Pozzetto inside its courtyard, the Cathedral, the bell tower; the (church) Chiesa della Madonna del Carmine; the Basilica di S. Giovanni Battista or del Rosario; the (city gate) Porta Rudiae; the Chiesa di S. Matteo; the Chiesa di S. Chiara; Porta Napoli e l’Obelisco; the (city gate) Porta S. Biagio; the (castle) Castello di Carlo V. Also to be visited the swamp and the woods of the Regional Nature Park Bosco e Paludi di Rauccio, and the Sorgenti Idume (springs).
Lecce is a beautiful and extraordinary city, with friendly and helful inhabitants. If you really are interested in this city and want to know more about it, please, click the following link:
You will love with it and shall never forget it!