The "Valley of the Cupa" is an area characterized by longitudinally elongated karst depression in the Isthmus flat area. On the most noticeable sides of the valley were organized the ancient Messapic cities of Rudiae and Cavallino, both enclosed on a "transversal sloping" axis in the Salento plain which, in some places, recalculated the path of a Paleolithic path that penetrated the Ionic coast Salento and headed towards the Adriatic coast between S. Cataldo and Roca. An old-fashioned road that during the Bronze and Bronze Civilization had facilitated commercial activities and the relationship between interior centers and coastal settlements. The Cupa area was also crossed by other "North-South" roads that united the Adriatic coast with the Ionian coast of Salento
The whole area is historically known as the "Cupa Valley", which, due to the presence of remarkable elements of historical and geographical interest, is one of the most interesting in Terra d'Otranto. Villas, farmhouses, fortified farms with colombaie and neviere towers, "paghiare", remains of paths of every historical era and cultivated fields, characterize the landscape of the Cupa, whose fertile soil has favored the cultivation of vine, fruit trees and , Thanks to the abundance of water, also widespread horticultural production. Turquoise clay and calcarenite caves have developed a remarkable craftsmanship and an architecture that in the historic centers has the typical typology of "court houses".
The villa is about 26 km from the Natural Park of Rauccio, just like the Adriatic coast, about 28 km from the Ionian coast, about 15 km from the city center of Lecce and about 53 km from the Salento airport in Brindisi. Moreover, the town of Carmiano is served by the F.S.E. Railway, Southeastern Railways, which provides connection with most neighboring municipalities and low Salento.
With the spread of the pleasure of living in the countryside, even in a rural environment, that rampant Baroque taste that in the city, but also in the small centers, had both of its noble and ecclesiastical architecture as well as of domestic construction. In the "Cupa" area, the phenomenon spread in oil stain.